Alms: Charity such as food or money from other people, either on the street or via a charity or church.

Entrepreneur:  Someone who is introduces new ideas to a business.

House of Lords:  One of the two houses of Parliament. To become a law a bill has to be approved by the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Before 1911, the House of Lords, who were not elected, could refuse to pass bills approved by the House of Commons, who were elected. After 1911, the Lords could only delay bills and ask the Commons to reconsider.

An internationalist:  Someone interested in international issues and relations.

League of Nations:  An international organisation set up after World War One to encourage nations to talk about, rather than fight over, their differences. It was the forerunner of the United Nations.

Liberal Reforms:  The Liberal Government of 1906-1915 brought in several reforms e.g. they introduced old age pensions and free school meals.

Philanthropist: Someone who invests money and time in making significant improvements in the community and the lives of its people.

Quakers: A group of people from the Christian faith who worship together in silence and live lives which offer service to the world.

Social policy:  Government plans to change and shape society and the lives of people.

Social reform:   Changes, usually made possible by governments, to make poorer people’s lives better.

Temperance movement:  In the early 20th century, many 1000s of people joined societies which pledged to reduce the effect of alcohol on society. In the USA many states, and eventually the whole country, banned alcohol for awhile.

Welfare:  Help for people who are in need e.g. people who have lost their job, or are ill, or have to care for a sick family member.