Archives

Social history

George Hudson

George Hudson was one of the railways pioneers of the 19th century and at one point he controlled thousands of miles of track. He invested in the North Midland Railway, and then built a railway linking York with towns in the West Riding, raising vast sums of money in the process. Some of more »< Read More...

Fabian Society in York

The Fabian Society was founded in 1884, a socialist organisation that advocated gradual reforming change, rather than revolutionary change. The York branch, formed in May 1908, was founded by Frank Rowntree, nephew of Joseph Rowntree and a Director of the Cocoa factory and Bruno Lasker, amongst others, according to the latter’s Reminiscences.  Lasker more »< Read More...

Economy in the mid 1800s, York’s

The railways brought employment and migration to the city, especially with the establishment of the related railways works. By the end of the century the North Eastern Railway company had 5,500 workers and the railways became the city’s biggest single employer.  Railway connections also meant a boost in the tourist trade, and guide more »< Read More...

Dunollie Rest House, Scarborough

A  convalesce house in Filey Road Scarborough that was bought by the Rowntree company out of profits from its reserves from the company’s Military and National Service Allowances Scheme. History Dunollie was originally a private home and was later used as a private hotel in the 1910s venue “ideal for rest and quiet recreation” more »< Read More...

Cober Hill, Scarborough

John Wilhelm Rowntree had the idea of developing a centre where people working in education, social service, and other voluntary and charitable activity could gather for residential courses and conferences. His cousin Arnold Rowntree brought that vision to fulfilment by the purchase in 1920 of a splendid Victorian mansion in Cloughton, Cober Hill, more »< Read More...

Clifton Estate

Clifton Estate was a small estate of quality dwellings designed by Barry Parker in 1926-1936, who was also working on New Earswick. They were originally intended for sale rather than rent, but not principally built for Rowntree company managers. It was situated beside Joseph Rowntree’s old home at Clifton Lod Read More...

Electric Cinema, Fossgate

York’s first purpose built cinema, the Electric Theatre (today MacDonald’s furniture store) opened in 1911 and closed in 1951. It was commonly known as the Laugh and Scratch. There are surviving oral history accounts mentioning walking on the snap crackle and pop of peanut shells, the playing of piano for horse scenes and more »< Read More...

Chartist Movement in York

The national Chartist movement campaigned in the 1830s and 1840s to introduce electoral reform in England and to improve the lot of the working-class especially in the northern industrial cities. It was based on a six-point charter, which demanded secret ballots, universal male suffrage, equal electoral districts, payment for MPs, that MPs did more »< Read More...

Charles Booth (1840-1916)

Philanthropist and social researcher. Pioneer in influencing government policies on the reduction of poverty that led to a range of social reforms in the early 1900s, such as the introduction of the Old Age pensions, and free school meals, and ultimately to the foundation of the welfare state. He put into question the more »< Read More...

Bruno Lasker

Co-author and collaborator with Seebohm Rowntree. They were joint authors of the influential book Unemployment (1911). Born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1880, Bruno Lasker resided in England 1901-1914, before emigrating to the United States in 1914. In England he was employed in the social reform movement, and was closely associated with Seebohm Rowntree more »< Read More...